The Democratic congresswoman from New Mexico is a historic pick and would be the first Native American Cabinet secretary if confirmed by the Senate. But Democrats and White House officials told CNN that they anticipate the hearing could get tense, and some Republicans have already spoken out against what they call her “extreme” and “radical” views on energy and environmental issues.
A key question for the future of her nomination is whether Joe Manchin, the chair of the Energy and Natural Resources Committee and one of the most conservative Senate Democrats, will support it. Manchin is not getting ahead of the hearing — he has not yet said if he will vote to confirm Haaland.
Manchin said on Monday, “We’re very open to hearing her and hopefully she’ll have a good hearing.”
Haaland is also expected to directly thank Manchin for convening the hearing and “sharing with me the issues and needs of the people he represents in West Virginia.”
An official with the confirmation process told CNN that Democrats are making the case for Haaland that focuses on her bipartisan legislative record and extensive work with public lands and wildlife. Perhaps most importantly, expect her supporters to argue that Haaland believes that every job is important — and that oil, gas, and coal jobs will remain an important part of the US economy as transition toward a clean energy future.
Republicans have repeatedly said that the Biden administration is going to kill jobs through its clean energy agenda, which Haaland supports. Democrats plan to counter that Haaland’s home state of New Mexico depends on oil and gas revenue to fund its schools and help its economy.
Manchin was asked about a fracking ban on public lands and whether it could affect Haaland’s nomination — and said that a fracking ban “would be detrimental to her or anyone else.”
Republicans have expressed concern over her stance against new leases for oil and gas drilling on federal land and over the fact that she has supported the Green New Deal, a progressive policy proposal championed by progressive Democratic Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez of New York. Haaland has said in the past that she “wholeheartedly” opposes fracking and drilling on public lands and is a House co-sponsor of the Green New Deal resolution.
Texas GOP Sen. John Cornyn recently tweeted, “Interior secretary nominee has joined pipeline protests and opposed fracking,” in a potential preview of how Republicans may attack the nomination.
A group of House Republicans called on Biden to withdraw the nomination in a letter last month, citing her position on the Green New Deal and oil and gas leasing on federal lands.
“Nominating Representative Haaland is a direct threat to working men and women and a rejection of responsible development of America’s natural resource,” the letter warned.
House Republicans will not have a vote in the Senate confirmation process, but the arguments against the nomination are likely to be echoed by members of their party in the upper chamber.
Supporters and opponents of the nomination have been working to press their case in the lead up to the hearing.
The Global Indigenous Council and the Rocky Mountain Tribal Leaders Council have launched a campaign in support of Haaland in states that represent key senate votes and where senators have voiced criticism of the nomination.
Billboards featuring Haaland have gone up in Montana, where Republican Sen. Steve Daines has said he is “concerned” over the nomination, and will also appear in West Virginia, Wyoming, Utah and South Dakota.
Kathleen Sgamma, president of the Western Energy Alliance, said in a statement ahead of the confirmation hearing “Rep. Deb Haaland has shown hostility to the very oil and natural gas development that sustains the state and district she represents.”
The confirmation hearing comes as several other high-profile Biden nominees have come under scrutiny.
If confirmed, Haaland would be part of Biden’s plan to tackle the climate crisis and reduce carbon emissions. Biden has proposed an ambitious climate agenda that seeks to end carbon emissions from power plants by 2035 and proposes broader public investment in green infrastructure, including $2 trillion for clean energy projects.
The US Department of the Interior conserves and manages the nation’s natural resources and cultural heritage, as well as oversees the federal government’s relationships with Native American tribes.
The nomination marked a major victory for an alliance of progressives and Indigenous leaders who campaigned relentlessly to elevate one of their own to a powerful federal seat that oversees natural resources, public lands and Indian affairs.
Haaland’s fierce advocacy for climate justice policy and Indigenous rights has made her a champion of the new left.
Before she ran for Congress in 2018, Haaland, a single mother, joined the protests against the Dakota Access Pipeline project, which was charted to pass 1,200 miles from North Dakota to Illinois. The pipeline was routed under a reservoir near the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation, leading to legal challenges and, eventually, mass demonstrations and an encampment that brought together Indigenous and environmental activists from around the country.
“A voice like mine has never been a Cabinet secretary or at the head of the Department of Interior,” Haaland tweeted in December. “Growing up in my mother’s Pueblo household made me fierce. I’ll be fierce for all of us, our planet, and all of our protected land. I am honored and ready to serve.”
CNN’s Kate Sullivan, Liz Stark, Greg Krieg and Jasmine Wright contributed to this report.